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Childhood disintegrative disorder

Childhood Disintegrative Disorde

  1. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder Onset. The developmental regression can be very abrupt in onset in certain cases and the child may try to describe this... Causes, Incidence and Risk Factors. There is no known cause of Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, but there are a number... Signs. A loss in.
  2. What is Childhood Disintegrative Disorder? Children with Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) develop normally until age 3 or 4 when they start to lose previously acquired social, language and motor skills. This can happen over a period of months. CDD is sometimes called Heller Syndrome and is part of the larger category Autistic Spectrum Disorders
  3. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD), a clinical syndrome distinctfrom childhood autism, is a rare unremittingly pervasive developmental disorder resultingfrom disintegration ofmentalfunctions and progressive neurological abnormality
  4. The pervasive developmental disorders are a group of neurodevelopmental disorders that include autistic disorder, Asperger's disorder, pervasive developmental disorder - not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), and Rett's disorder. All feature childhood onset with a constellation of symptoms spanning social interaction and communication and including atypical behavior patterns
  5. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) is among the 5 major types of autistic disorders and is sometimes referred to as Dementia Infantilis or Disintegrative Psychosis. In 1908, well before autism evolved as a confirmed diagnosis, Theodor Heller, an erstwhile Austrian Educator, was the first to document what is childhood disintegrative disorder
  6. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder Heller's Syndrome Definition. Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) is a rare disorder. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of... Pathogenesis. The cause is unknown. CDD occurs in children who have had previously normal development who then appear to....
  7. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (299.10 DSM-IV) The central feature of Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is a marked regression in multiple areas of functioning following a period of at least two years of apparently normal development

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is a childhood problem in which children grow normally till the age of 2. After 2 years of age children become socially aloof and develop severe resistance to communication. They lose their capability to communicate along with other few skills TDI: a Pervasive Developmental Disorder. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is a psychiatric classification proposed by the DSM-IV (the DSM in its fourth version) and which forms part of the Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD); which, in turn, form part of the category of Disorders of initiation in infancy, childhood or adolescence Childhood disintegrative disorder is a condition that no longer officially exists, having been eliminated and absorbed into the larger category of autism spectrum disorder with the release of the 5 th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM-5 Childhood Disintegrative Disorder. CDD differed from Rett Syndrome with respect to age of onset, stereotypic breathing patterns, speech development, midline hand stereotypes, and hand and gait apraxia. Related terms: Rett Syndrome; Pervasive Developmental Disorder; Asperger Syndrome; Social Interaction; DSM-5; DSM-I Clinical Research Resources. ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are related to Childhood disintegrative disorder. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies. Please note: Studies listed on the ClinicalTrials.gov website are listed for informational purposes only; being listed does not reflect an.

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) - Fact Shee

Childhood disintegrative disorder: a case repor

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder [CDD]: This is a rare condition that affects 0.2 in 10,000, symptoms are significant losses in social behaviour, language, and play. These symptoms usually appear after at least three years of a normal developmental period. This disorder results in severe defects in cognitive ability Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) is an extremely rare condition, only 173 cases have been reported until now since 1908 as reviewed by Volmar and colleagues [1].The condition can be diagnosed if the symptoms are preceded by at least two years of normal development and the onset is prior to age 10 years though the mean age of onset is 3-4 years and may be insidious or abrupt [6]

Download your free parenting survival kit at https://www.amazon.com/Owly-Trilogy-Orla-Kelly-ebook/dp/B019CSDCGOI hope you enjoy the video-music is Pachelbels.. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (TDI) adalah kategori kejiwaan yang digunakan sampai saat ini untuk berbicara tentang salah satu bentuk yang Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) ambil dalam tahap awal perkembangannya.. Kategori ini telah mengalami modifikasi penting sejak pembaruan terakhir dari manual yang digunakan dalam psikiatri dan psikologi sebagai panduan klinis

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is a childhood problem in which children grow normally till the age of 2. After 2 years of age children become socially aloof and develop severe resistance to communication. They lose their capability to communicate along with other few skills Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), also known as Heller's syndrome and disintegrative psychosis, is a rare condition characterized by late onset of developmental delays—or severe and sudden reversals—in language, social function, and motor skills. Researchers have not been successful in finding a cause for the disorder Childhood disintegrative disorder. Considered by health care professionals to be the most severe kind of autism, childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) is also the least common developmental disorder in the autistic spectrum. After a stage of normal development, the child rapidly looses multiple functional abilities between the ages of 2 and

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder - an overview

  1. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) is the psychiatric category that was used until recently to speak one of the forms that Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) takes in its early stages of development.. This category has undergone significant changes since the last update of the manuals used in psychiatry and psychology as clinical guidelines
  2. Childhood disintegrative otherwise known as Heller's syndrome or called disintegrative psychosis, is a rare condition of developmental problems in linguistic, social, functional, and motor skills. Thomas Heller was the first describe childhood disintegrative disorder in 1908
  3. PubMed comprises more than 26 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites
  4. Childhood disintegrative disorder is a type of autism that does not occur very often. The most significant feature of this type of autism spectrum disorder is its late onset. Children usually manifest it from the age of 3 or 4. Children with other types of autism are usually diagnosed before that age

What is Childhood Disintegrative Disorder? Symptoms

  1. Childhood disintegrative disorder is associated with severe mental retardation (MR) and with an increased risk of seizure disorder. The majority of children and adolescents with childhood disintegrative disorder eventually stabilize and cease to deteriorate. Occasionally, they may recover some previously attained developmental skills
  2. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (TDI) is the psychiatric category which was used until recently to talk about one of the forms that Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) takes in its early stages of development.. This category has had important modifications since the last update of the manuals that are used in psychiatry and psychology as a clinical guide
  3. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (TDI) er den psykiatriske kategorien det ble nylig brukt til å snakke om en av måtene som Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) tar sine tidlige utviklingsstadier.. Denne kategorien har hatt viktige modifikasjoner siden den siste oppdateringen av håndbøkene som brukes i psykiatri og psykologi som en klinisk veiledning
  4. The onset of childhood disintegrative disorder is rapid in comparison to autistic disorder, which is insidious 3. Children with childhood disintegrative disorder have seizure disorders and encephalography, or EEG, abnormalities more frequently, and also have higher levels of anxiety and stereotyped patterns of behaviors 9,10,11

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is commonly diagnosed when the parents/carers of achild notice the child's loss of previously acquired skills and as a result, contact their GP. In general, the GP will perform a medical examination on the child to rule out any other medical conditions. If Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is suspected, the. The Childhood disintegrative disorder, also known as syndrome Heller, is a condition that occurs in children aged two years and under ten, which is characterized by loss of function of language, motor skills and social skills they had acquired Normality so far

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder; Communication; Conduct Disorder; Data Recording Behaviors; Disruptive Behavior Disorders; Early Intervention; Eating Disorders; Expressive Language Disorder; Functional Behavior Assessment; Generalized Anxiety Disorder; Topics H Through P. Juvenile Justice System; Major Depressive Disorder; Obsessive. Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) is a rare autistic-like clinical condition with unknown etiology, in that previously acquired age-appropriate language, social and adaptive abilities. Childhood disintegrative disorder: Children with this disorder typically develop normally for two to four years before the condition, which resembles autistic disorder, arises. The unusual suspects: with no obvious culprit in sight, geneticists do broader sweeps to identify autism's cause Childhood disintegrative disorder is a rare pervasive disorder. It was first reported by Theodor Heller under the name of dementia infantilis in 1908. Severe regression in social and communication. Interest in childhood disintegrative disorder has increased markedly in recent years and in this review attention is given to more recently published cases based on ICD-9, ICD-10 and DSM-IV diagnostic systems. Information is provided related to nosology, epidemiological data, differential diagnosis, aetiology, treatment and outcome

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) is one of the five disorders classified as a Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD). Other Pervasive Developmental Disorders include Autism, Asperger's Disorder, Rett's Disorder and Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (TDI) adalah kategori kejiwaan yang digunakan sampai saat ini untuk berbicara tentang salah satu bentuk yang Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) ambil dalam tahap awal perkembangannya.. Kategori ini telah mengalami modifikasi penting sejak pembaruan terakhir dari manual yang digunakan dalam psikiatri dan psikologi sebagai panduan klinis Childhood disintegrative disorder is a condition in which children develop normally through age 3 or 4. Then, over a few months, they lose language, motor, social, and other skills that they already learned

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder Definition and Symptoms Source: Autism and Eating Disorders Videos This video on childhood disintegrative disorder in which normal development until age two is followed by abnormalities such as significant loss of language, social skills, motor skills, play, and/or control of bodily function by age 10 Genetics of Childhood Disintegrative Disorder. Validity of Childhood Disintegrative Disorder as a Diagnostic Category. Differential Diagnosis. Evaluation and Management. Case Report. Conclusion. Citing Literature. Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Volume 1, Third Edition Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) is a rare condition in which a previously typically-developing child very rapidly, sometimes even over a few days, loses intellectual and developmental skills. Children then stop communicating and playing with other children, and cannot look after themselves, often resembling a severe form of autism The rarest of the autism spectrum disorders, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, 1 was removed from the psychiatric diagnosis manual as a separate diagnosis in 2013. People with CDD are included under the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. CDD was considered to be a later-developing form of autism. After an average of 3 to 4 years of normal.

Also known as Heller's syndrome, childhood dementia, symbiotic psychosis or disintegrative psychosis, childhood disintegrative disorder is a very rare disorder that results in the significant loss of previously acquired skills between the ages of 2 and 10. In the DSM-IV-TR, this disorder was part of the invasive developmental disorders, along. Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), is a very rare disorder that is characterized by development of autistic like picture and marked regression following some period (at least 2 years) of normal development[1]. The condition was first described by Thomas Heller, i This video describes Childhood disintegrative disorder and its affects on children, their lives, and their education Group of five disorders characterized by delays in the development of multiple basic functions including socialization and communication. The pervasive developmental disorders are autism, Asperger syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PPD-NOS, i.e. all autism spectrum disorders), Childhood Disintegrative Disorder and Rett syndrome Childhood disintegrative disorder, also known as Heller's syndrome and disintegrative psychosis, is a rare condition characterized by late onset, usually at three years of age onward. It typically features developmental delays in language, social function, and motor skills

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (Heller's Syndrome) CDD

Autism, also referred to as autistic disorder, is a childhood disintegrative disorder, or pervasive developmental disorder. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism are terms used for a group of disorders of brain development, with symptoms that some times appear during the first three years of childhood and progress throughout life Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) is a clinical syndrome characterized by disintegration of mental functions and regression of acquired language and intellectual functions after a period of normal development typically of 3 to 4 years. Although recognized for many years, research on this condition is less advanced than that in autism Childhood Disintegrative Disorder. CDD is a rare pervasive developmental disorder which involves regression of developmental ability in language, social function, and motor skills. It usually occurs at the age of 3 or 4. CDD is characterized by developmental delays in language, motor skills, as well as social function Childhood Disintegrative Disorder ( CDD ) 'یﺕ=>#ﻥ Pervasive Developmental @@ا @@ ا ت@@ˇ اˆ˘@@˙ا @@ @@5ˇاˆا @@4 ا A@@هو A@ او ، K@یˆاو ˆ+ˆ#1-او Lﺡ ا Aه ىˆﺥأ ثFﺙ ت إ CDﺕ A ا Disorder ( PDD ) ت ﻥ %ا ﺉاوأ A! DSM- 4 3 ا تˇاˆ˘˙F Aﺉ2ﺡPا Lا A! ةˆ لوM K 6 Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) now known, reported first as dementia infantilis by Theodore Heller in 1908, a century ago, and its research not kept pace with related disorders even though they reported late (autism first reported in 1943 and Rett's syndrome in 1966)

Regressive Autism – Why It Occurs - Autism Parenting Magazine

Childhood Disintegrative Disorders Children under the age of 10 years who appear to be developing normally until at least their second birthday but then display a significant loss or regression of skills in two or more of the following areas: language, social skills, bowel control, play or motor skills Childhood Disintegrative Disorder must be differentiated from a dementia with onset during infancy or childhood. Dementia occurs as a consequence of the direct physiological effects of a general medical condition (e.g., head trauma), whereas Childhood Disintegrative disorder typically occurs in the absence of an associated general medical. Childhood disintegrative disorder, a DSM-IV diagnosis now included under ASD in DSM-V, is characterized by regression after normal development in the first 3 to 4 years of life. There continues to be a debate over the differential outcomes based on these two developmental courses In addition, childhood disintegrative disorder can develop later than autism does. History. The disorder was first described in 1908 by Austrian educator Thomas Heller. However, because the disorder is rare, occurring in one in every 50,000-100,000 individuals, it was not officially recognized as a developmental disorder until the 1990s Childhood disintegrative disorder, current or active state (approximate match) This is the official approximate match mapping between ICD9 and ICD10, as provided by the General Equivalency mapping crosswalk. This means that while there is no exact mapping between this ICD10 code F84.3 and a single ICD9 code,.

It has long been debated whether childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) is sufficiently different from 'classical' autism to be set aside from the other disorders on the spectrum. Mehra et al. 1 have carried out an exhaustive literature review, searching for cases of CDD. Abstract. To examine the difference between early-onset ( age 3) childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) and autistic disorder with speech loss (ADSL), 8 children with early-onset CDD (mean age = 7.6 years, SD = 3.8; 6 males) were compared with 92 age and gender-ratio comparable children with ADSL (mean age = 6.8 years, SD = 4.1; 70 males) on 24 variables not directly related to the key. Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), also called disintegrative psychosis and Heller syndrome, is a rare disorder that is subsumed under ASD. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), childhood disintegrative disorder, along with other types of autism, is merged into a single spectrum called autism. Autism spectrum disorder includes conditions that were previously considered separate — autism, Asperger's syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder and an unspecified form of pervasive developmental disorder. Some people still use the term Asperger's syndrome, which is generally thought to be at the mild end of autism spectrum disorder

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder - Aga Khan Universit

  1. Autism Spectrum Disorders‎ > ‎ Childhood Disintegrative Disorder A. Apparently normal development for at least the first 2 years after birth as manifested by the presence of age-appropriate verbal and nonverbal communication, social relationships, play, and adaptive behavior
  2. Find all the evidence you need on Childhood disintegrative disorder via the Trip Database. Helping you find trustworthy answers on Childhood disintegrative disorder | Latest evidence made eas
  3. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, also known as Heller's syndrome or disintegrative psychosis is a rare disorder. This condition affects children over the age of three years or at least two years of development without issue. This disorder is also associated with seizure activity, and in at least half of the cases, abnormal EEG results are.
  4. Children with childhood disintegrative disorder are usually linked with severe mental retardation. EEG abnormalities and seizure disorders increases with Childhood Disintegrative Disorder. CDD can also be associated with certain medical conditions such as metachromatic leukodystrophy, Schilder's disease, tuberous sclerosis, and nuerolipidoses.
  5. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder . The final pervasive developmental disorder diagnosis is called Childhood Disintegrative Disorder. This is a very rare disorder that makes itself known between the ages of two and ten years old. Affected children display sudden behavioral regression and loss of previously mastered skills in at least two of the.

Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD) is a developmental disorder that resembles autism . It is characterized by at least two years of normal development, followed by loss of language, social skills, and motor skills before age ten. Other names for childhood disintegrative disorder are Heller's syndrome, dementia infantilis, and. DSM - IV Criteria for Childhood Disintegrative Disorder*. A. Apparently normal development for at least the first 2 years after birth as manifested by the presence of age-appropriate verbal and nonverbal communication, social relationships, play, and adaptive behavior Childhood Disintegrative Disorder . This is part of the autistic spectrum but differs from other types of autism due to the fact that there is a more noticeable loss of social skills. This rare compared to the other disorders. Another name for this condition is Heller's Syndrome Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), also known as Heller's Syndrome is a developmental disorder that is characterized by aggression of previously acquired skills such as language and social abilities. Symptoms include: Lack of play Loss of motor skills Loss of social skills Delay in language The following resources provide an overview of Childhood disintegrative disorder including. What is Rett Syndrome and Childhood Disintegrative Disorder. Rett Syndrome is a rare non-hereditary genetic postnatal neurological condition that occurs exclusively to girls. The conditions leads to severe impediments, affecting nearly every aspect of the child's life, such as impairment of their ability to walk, speak, eat and even breathe.

Students with Autism: Communication and Reading Skills

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder: causes, symptoms and

The Diagnosed and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) kriteria khusus untuk membantu pengasuh dalam mendiagnosis anak dengan CDD. Tampilkan anak, komunikasi khas yang sesuai usia verbal dan nonverbal, hubungan sosial, kemampuan bermain, dan perilaku adaptif didapatka CDD is a rare condition in which a child suffers a late onset of developmental delays in areas such as language, social function, and motor skills. CDD is grouped with the Pervasive Developmental Disorders and is related to autism These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. They include autistic disorder , Rett syndrome , childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger syndrome

Pervasive Developmental Disorder Speech Therapy - OrlandoChildhood disorder in abnormal psychology

What's the Difference Between Childhood Disintegrative

Posts about childhood disintegrative disorder written by sadstory. AUTISM. Autism is a puzzling disorder because it is difficult to understand the behaviors of autistic people and because the world is as confusing for them as it is to us Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), also known as Heller's syndrome and disintegrative psychosis, is a rare condition characterized by late onset of developmental delays—or severe and sudden reversals—in language, social function, and motor skills.Researchers have not been successful in finding a cause for the disorder disorder

Childhood disintegrative disorder Genetic and Rare

The childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), also known as Heller's syndrome and disintegrative psychosis, is a rare condition characterized by late onset of developmental delays—or severe and sudden reversals—in language, social function, and motor skills. 46 relations Definition of childhood disintegrative disorder in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of childhood disintegrative disorder. What does childhood disintegrative disorder mean? Information and translations of childhood disintegrative disorder in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web Childhood disintegrative disorder is a very rare disease that affects more boys than girls. It is also known a Search for: Rare Disease Profiles; 5 Facts; Rare IQ; Rare Mystery;

Heller's Syndrome or Disintegrative Psychosis|SymptomsChildhood Conduct Disorder and Oppositional

اضطراب الطفولة التحللية - ويكيبيدي

Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is a rare neurobiological disorder. The disorder has its onset between the age of three to four years (Gupta et al., 2017). I like the way the signs and symptoms, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment parts are explained. Franky, these parts capture almost everything a parent would wish to know about CDD The childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), also known as Heller's syndrome and disintegrative psychosis, is a rare condition characterized by late onset of developmental delays—or severe and sudden reversals—in language, social function, and motor skills. 39 relations childhood disintegrative disorder A rare condition characterized by deterioration of language, social function, and motor skills in a child after normal development for the child's first three years. Synonyms (deterioration of skills after normal early development): Heller's syndrome, disintegrative psychosis; See als Tag Archives: Childhood Disintegrative Disorder Federal Guidance Regarding Speech-Language Services for Students with Autism. Posted on August 5, 2015 by KC&S Special Education Attorneys. 2. The Office of Special Education Programs of the United States Department of Education (OSEP) issued a. ASD includes Asperger's syndrome (AS), Autistic Disorder, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) and Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Doctor's often refer the patient to an occupational therapist who will work with the individual, the parents and often a speech therapist to help with language development

Childhood disintegrative disorder (Concept Id: C0236791

Childhood disintegrative disorder is a type of pervasive developmental disorder (more commonly known as autism spectrum disorder [ASD]). Pervasive developmental disorders are characterized by varying degrees of impairment in communication skills and social interactions, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior Looking for childhood disintegrative disorder? Find out information about childhood disintegrative disorder. A condition occurring in 3- and 4-year-old children that is characterized by unequivocally normal development in the first several years of life, followed... Explanation of childhood disintegrative disorder Childhood Disintegrative Disorder is characterised by normal development until age 3-10, at which time there is a sudden deterioration with autistic behaviours. Rett Syndrome unlike all the other previously mentioned disorders affects girls almost exclusively. It is characterised by normal development and growth in the early years followed by a. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder. Malhotra, Savita; Gupta, Nitin. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v29 n6 p491-98 Dec 1999. This article reviews what is known about childhood distintegrative disorder (CDD), a clinical syndrome characterized by disintegration of mental functions and regression of acquired language and intellectual.

Autistic disorder, sometimes called autism or classical ASD, is the most severe form of ASD, while other conditions along the spectrum include a milder form known as Asperger syndrome, and childhood disintegrative disorder and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (usually referred to as PDD-NOS) While autism spectrum disorders (ASD) lack a cure, children with diagnoses in the ASD spectrum can overcome certain barriers and achieve various levels of success with strategic treatment and therapy plans. On the other hand, childhood disintegrative disorder treatment usually only modifies behavior and alleviates symptoms. Because childhood disintegrative disorder treatment (CDD) is a rare. Childhood disintegrative disorder, Asperger's syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder are all part of what broad category? asked Aug 7, 2019 in Education by SuarezG. a. Rett syndrome b. autism c. sensory deprivation d. spectrum disorder. foundations-introductory-course 1 Signs and symptoms 2 Causes 3 Treatment 4 References Childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD), also known as Heller's syndrome and disintegrative psychosis, is a rare condition characterized by late onset of developmental delays—or severe and sudden reversals—in language, social function, and motor skills. Researchers have not been successful in finding a cause for the disorder. CDD has. Note that childhood disintegrative disorder is excluded from ASD in DSM-5. The guideline development group recognised that individuals and groups prefer a variety of terms, including autism spectrum disorder, autistic spectrum condition, autistic spectrum difference and neuro-diversity Childhood Disintegrative Disorder Instructions for responses Diagnostic Criteria Please describe the diagnostic criteria utilized to diagnose this disorder. You can utilize the DSM-IV TR diagnostic criteria or the ICD-10 (International Classification of Diseases) diagnostic criteria. One thing to keep in mind is that when using a Culture Bound Syndrome, finding the diagnostic criteria may be [